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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

2 edition of Reducing population growth through social and economic change in developing countries found in the catalog.

Reducing population growth through social and economic change in developing countries

United States. General Accounting Office

Reducing population growth through social and economic change in developing countries

a new direction for U.S. assistance : report to the Congress of the United States

by United States. General Accounting Office

  • 334 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published by U.S. General Accounting Office in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Developing countries -- Population policy,
  • Economic assistance, American

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby the Comptroller General of the United States
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 106 p. ;
    Number of Pages106
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14898986M

    a.* growth but not necessarily development. b. development but not growth. c. both growth and development. d. neither growth nor development. According to Kuznets, the identifying characteristic of "modern economic growth" is a. expansion of heavy industry. b. a rapid decline in population growth rates. c.* high rates of saving and.   In October , at the once-inyear Habitat III conference, countries around the world endorsed the historic New Urban Agenda, which sets a new global standard for sustainable urban development and guides global efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in the era of climate change.. Next week, early February , national and city leaders will convene again at the .

    This report focuses on transportation in developing countries, where economic and social development not climate change mitigation are the top priorities. Yet decisions on infrastructure, vehicle and fuel technologies, and transportation mode mix are being made now that will significantly affect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for decades. Reducing population growth. Population planning that is intended to reduce a population or sub-population's growth rates may promote or enforce one or more of the following practices, although there are other methods: War (Wars that are done on purpose or in aggression can cause casualties that lower the population.

    An increase in a nation’s income can be expected to slow its rate of population growth. Hong Kong, for example, has enjoyed dramatic gains in income since the s. Its birth rate and rate of population growth have fallen by over half during that time. But if economic development can slow population growth, it can also increase it. L LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1 Describe the extent of world income inequality. 2 Explain some of the main challenges facing developing countries. 3 Define the view of development known as the “Washington Consensus.” 4 Outline the current debates about development policies. CHAPTER 36W Challenges Facing the Developing Countries In the comfortable urban life of today’s developed countries, most.


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Reducing population growth through social and economic change in developing countries by United States. General Accounting Office Download PDF EPUB FB2

Reducing Population Growth through Social and Economic Change in Developing Countries: A New Direction for U.S. Assistance ID Published: Apr 5. Reducing Population Growth Through Social And Economic Change In Developing Countries--A New Direction For U.S.

Assistance Agency for International Development pro-grams to help sk;w rapid population growth in developing countries have focused on providing family planning services. There. Get this from a library. Reducing population growth through social and economic change in developing countries--a new direction for U.S.

assistance: report to the Congress of the United States. [United States. General Accounting Office.]. The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, ).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, ).Cited by: Population Growth and Economic Development of a Country.

When population grows faster than GNP, the standard of living of the people does not improve. In fact rapid population growth has been obstructing economic growth in developing countries like India where since population has been growing at a relatively high rate.

National Research Council, discussion of the impact of population growth on economic change in developing countries has languished within both the demographic and economic fields. While the linkage between demographic and economic dynamics.

Population growth helps the process of development in certain ways and hampers it in certain other ways. This is so because the relation­ship between population growth and economic development is intricate, complex and interacting.

On the positive side, an increasing population means an increase in the supply of labour— a basic factor of. Studies within particular countries, suggest that population growth above 2% a year inhibits efforts to raise income in poor countries with high birth rates and young age structure.

In countries that are already poor, then, rapid population growth only makes matters worth leading to economic insecurity. Economic insecurity.

But on a more general scale, population growth can strain economies unless there are enough people and resources to support it. Effect of Population on Resources Population growth was a concern as far back aswhen English economist Thomas Malthus predicted that it would eventually reduce overall living standards.

The conclusion that rapid population growth has slowed development is by no means straightfor-ward or clearcut (see Box ). Under certain condi-tions moderate population growth can be benefi-cial.

As Chapter 4 showed, in Europe, Japan, and North America economic growth has been accom-panied by moderate population growth, which. Population trends and dynamics can have an enormous effect on prospects for poverty reduction and sustainable development.

Poverty is influenced by – and influences – population dynamics, including population growth, age structure, and rural-urban of this has a critical impact on a country’s development prospects and prospects for raising living standards for the poor.

The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation inand headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests.

Many countries such as China, Brazil and Thailand have passed through the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) very quickly due to fast social and economic change. Some countries, particularly African countries, appear to be stalled in the second stage due to stagnant development.

Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent. If we take into account population growth inequality in developing countries, inequality has increased by 11 percent.

Income inequality. 48, 50 Sustainable development may or may not involve economic growth but when there is a combined effort of including sustainability with the business models, economic, social.

economic growth must be neutral with respect to income distribution or reduce income inequality. Generally, poverty cannot be reduced if economic growth does not occur. In fact, the persistent poverty of a substantial portion of the population can dampen the prospects for economic growth.

At %, Pakistan’s annual population growth rate is higher than many countries. Not surprisingly we have surpassed Brazil as the fifth most populous country in the world. Rapid population growth and technical and institutional change.

– in G. Tapinos, D. Blancher, and D.E. Horlacher, eds., Consequences of Rapid Population Growth in Developing Countries. New York: Taylor and Francis. The Industrial Revolution that brought unprecedented economic growth to Western Europe and North America also coincided with a new epoch in population dynamics (Galor, ).Countries moved from a.

patterns have resulted in huge economic and social costs and may endanger life on the planet. Achieving sustainable development will require global actions to deliver on the legitimate aspiration towards further economic and social progress, requiring growth and employment, and at the same time strengthening environ- mental protection.

The book also looks at risks and opportunities that are part of this vision—such as population growth, urbanization, and technological changes, and the role that countries .The demographic transition theory is superior to all the theories of population because it is based on the actual population growth trends of the developed countries of Europe.

Almost all the European countries of the world have passed through the first two stages of .Economic development is the main body supported by sustainable development. At the same time, it must accompany necessary measures to support higher resource use efficiency and improved ecological environment.

Then economic development can be achieved by enlarged economic scale and optimized economic structure.